Why India ranks low in Ease of Doing business? – NITI Aayog’s Survey

What is the need for the survey?

  • Last year, after the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Ranking placed India at a lowly 130 out of 150 countries.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked bureaucrats to explain the reasons for the country’s poor performance and directed them to work on improving the ranking.

Who has taken the survey?

  • The survey is taken by the Niti Aayog and the Mumbai-based think tank, IDFC Institute, for about 10 months.
  • It reveals that the efforts of the Centre and state governments to ease the system of permits and clearances notwithstanding, most entrepreneurs still feel hobbled (shuffled) by the country’s regulatory environment.

How much is the sample size and what industry is chosen to take data?

  • The survey of more than 3,000 manufacturing enterprises across the country shows that most firms do not use the single-window systems for business and regulatory clearances.

Which state has topped the ease of doing business survey?

  • The survey shows that even in the best performing state, Tamil Nadu, the process takes more than 60 days — on average it takes nearly four months to set up a business in India.
  • But the Centre repeatedly claiming that a firm can be incorporated in less than a week.

Does the reality and claims match about starting of a business?

  • The gap between claims and ground realities suggests that the government’s outreach system requires sprucing up.
  • But the gap is also a sign of a persistent problem with governance in India: The difficulty of cutting the red tape of the lower bureaucracy. This explains why on an average, entrepreneurs need more than 100 days to get a construction permit.

What are the remarks by World Bank?

  • The World Bank’s report, last year, had also highlighted that delays in issuing construction permits affected the ease of doing business in India.
  • The Bank’s report came in for criticism — some of it justified — by Commerce Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Minister of Law and Justice and Electronics and IT, Ravi Shankar Prasad, who released the Niti Aayog-IDFC report.
  • But the government cannot ignore the similarities in the two reports when the economy is slowing down and generating new jobs looks even more of a challenge.

What are the major sectors surveyed?

  • The textiles, food processing and non-metallic minerals sectors account for almost two-thirds of the firms surveyed by the Niti Aayog and IDFC.
  • Entrepreneurs in these employment-intensive sectors are more likely to face problems and securing construction and other permits, compared to the capital-intensive ones.

How the survey should impact the governance?

  • The survey should serve as a wake-up call to government and a reminder that over two decades after economic reforms the Indian state is still flailing when it comes to easing the path for entrepreneurs.

Source : The New Indian Express

One Nation Two Woman Two Medals : P.V. Sindhu and Saina Nehwal

What is the news?

  • V. Sindhu and Saina Nehwal continue Indian badminton’s dream run by winning Silver and Bronze medals respectively.

Which tournament the news belongs to?

  • The news belongs to “World Badminton Championship”, and it stood out as the finest advertisement for the women’s game.
  • V. Sindhu may not have come out victorious against the eventual champion, Nozomi Okuhara of Japan, but she won more hearts for her gallant display of endurance.

What are the medals won?

  • A silver medal for Sindhu and a bronze for Saina Nehwal make this the most rewarding Indian campaign in the premier championship.

How the rivalry between Nehwal-Sindhu started paying for India?

  • Nehwal, the silver medallist in 2015, and Sindhu, the bronze medallist in 2013 and 2014 in the high-profile tournament, have been engaged in a silent battle of their own.
  • This rivalry is proving to be extremely beneficial for Indian badminton, which is vital for any sport to flourish in a country.

How the two performed at big stages in recent times?

  • Sindhu won silver at Rio Olympics silver last year
  • Nehwal had carried an injury to Rio and returned for an unavoidable knee surgery.

Who has won the games against both the Indians?

  • Both Sindhu and Nehwal were tamed by the far-fitter Okuhara. The Japanese shuttler rallied from a game down to stop Nehwal in the semi-final, and she also ended Sindhu’s quest for the title in the final.
  • This explains why Nehwal and Sindhu stayed regretfully on missed opportunities instead of celebrating their extraordinary show of strength on the finals stage.

How we can get inspired from the two woman?

  • The two women are very different personalities. If Nehwal is driven by a wounded pride to establish her credentials, Sindhu, at just 22, is a sunny character looking to make the most of the time on her side.
  • Both owe a lot to their respective coaches, U. Vimal Kumar and Pullela Gopi Chand.

How the two will bring more woman shutlers?

  • Their combined achievements also bring into focus the fact that the next best woman shuttler in India is nowhere close to them in potential
  • Their heroics will, hopefully, in time draw more talent to the sport, but currently the lack of other women badminton players in their class deprives India of a fighting chance at team titles.

For now, however, it is time to celebrate these two exceptional women who have enriched the game.



Doklam Stand off comes to an End – 9 takeaways from THE HINDU Editorial

What is the news?

The separate announcements by India and China that the Doklam military stand-off has ended are a welcome sign that diplomacy has prevailed over the harsh rhetoric of the past 10 weeks.

What is India’s Stand?

The measured tone of the statement from New Delhi, referring to the “expeditious disengagement (prompt detachment) of border personnel” as part of the understanding between the two countries, shows that the government’s policy of pursuing diplomatic measures in the face of China’s angry rhetoric was wise.

How China reacted at last?

In turn, China’s statement, which said that Indian troops had withdrawn from the disputed Doklam plateau while Chinese troops continue to patrol the area, gives Beijing the latitude it requires to end the stand-off peacefully.

Why the statements comes in differing versions?

The differing versions and the lack of further information leave several questions unanswered about the terms of the disengagement. But the very fact that both countries have been able to issue statements — even if they were designed to satisfy their domestic audiences — suggests that in diplomatic negotiations, each took into account the other’s constraints.

How the leaders have decided to mute the Doklam Stand off?

In issuing statements that were inconsistent with each other, both sides seem to have agreed to disagree.

To that end, the importance lies less in the detail but in the détente (the easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries) itself, in the decision by the leaderships of both countries to pull back from what some feared could escalate into a full-blown conflict.

In this, it must be noted that New Delhi and Beijing have respected the wishes of the Bhutanese government, which wanted an early end to the crisis before the bitter winter set in.

How important is this by looking at upcoming Modi’s visit to China?

Many are hoping that the decision on Doklam, which comes a week before Prime Minister Narendra Modi is scheduled to go to China, will guide the bilateral spirit beyond the September 3-5 BRICS summit to be held in Xiamen.

Once Mr. Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping have met, diplomats must begin the heavy lifting required to repair the rupture in ties over the past few months, beginning with the cancellation of the Nathu La route for Kailash-Mansarovar pilgrims.

What can be interfered from China’s statements over past 10 weeks?

Statements from China during the stand-off indicate that it no longer recognises the gains made in the Special Representative talks in 2012. Nor does it regard the India-Bhutan-China tri-junction near Batang-La to have been settled.

What is India’s stand on boundaries?

India has made it clear that it does not consider the Sikkim boundary settled either, and both sides will have to walk swiftly to come back to some semblance of an accord on such basic issues before they can move further.

India and China must revert to the spirit of the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement of 2013, which laid down specific guidelines on tackling future developments along the 3,488-km boundary the two countries share.

What are the lessons from the issue?

The past two and a half months are also a lesson that India cannot be unprepared for “another Doklam”, as Chief of the Army Staff Bipin Rawat said on Sunday.

India must necessarily “hope for the best, and prepare for the worst”, when it comes to tensions with its northern neighbour.

Diplomacy has paid off in ending the Doklam stand-off, but India and China must look forward to build the relationship better.



Yet Another Inspirational moment by M S Dhoni at Asia Cup 2016

In spite of injury Dhoni’s resolve came to the front and he was ready for the crucial game against Pakistan in the Last year’s Asia Cup.

National chief selector M.S.K. Prasad’s recent comments on M.S. Dhoni is yet again proved Dhoni is an inspiration to everyone who are facing obstacles at their life.

India was about to face off against arch rivals Pakistan but a serious concern ruined MSK Prasad’s sleep. Indian skipper (then) MS Dhoni suffered an injury whilst training for the game and there was a lot of skepticism surrounding his participation in the game.

“While training at the gym late in the night, Dhoni picked up weights and suddenly there was a catch in his back and fell with the weight. Thankfully, the weight did not fall on him. He could not walk, he was literally crawling. He pressed the alarm bell, and the medical staff immediately came and attended him. He was taken on a stretcher,” Prasad recollected.

No answer to the Journalists

He also said that there was no answer given to the journalists regarding his fitness and that sparked a row on social media. He then revealed what happened between Dhoni and Prasad two days before the big game. A concerned Prasad apparently called up the selection committee chief (then) Sandeep Patil to inform about Dhoni’s vulnerable state and Parthiv Patel landed in Bangladesh the next day.

“So, I went to Dhoni’s room to know what the issue was. He said, ‘don’t worry MSK bhai.’ I even asked him what should I tell the scribes, and the answer again was ‘don’t worry MSK bhai.’ I asked him whether we should call for a replacement, and he again told me not to worry,” Prasad said.

“There was so much pressure before a big match. The next morning I went to his room and he told me not to worry. But I felt things were not right. (As a selector) I couldn’t take Dhoni’s words for granted, so I called up the then chief selector Sandeep Patil and told him the situation. Immediately, Parthiv Patel was sent in as a replacement. By evening, Parthiv had joined the team,” Prasad revealed.

Dhoni walking with great difficulty

He also recalled the moment when Dhoni was walking towards a swimming pool inside the hotel with great difficulty. Prasad said Dhoni was in no condition to play the game, but what transpired later spoke volumes about the legend’s character and he explained why Dhoni is an inspiration to millions.

“Dhoni said he was trying to walk. I was thinking how could he even think of playing when he could barely walk. Dhoni looked at me and said, ‘don’t worry, you have anyway got Parthiv without telling me. So, you are safe.

“Before the team was announced in the afternoon, Dhoni was all dressed up for the game. He called me to his room and asked me why was I worrying so much? Then he said, even if my one leg is not there, I will still play against Pakistan,” Prasad said. He conluded his speech telling that is what Dhoni is made off and great players don’t make excuses no matter what the situation is.

Asking the youngsters to learn about overcoming obstacles from Dhoni’s example, Prasad said: “Dhoni comes from an area where there are no facilities.”

“When there are no facilities, it is your inner power that will take you to the next level.”

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