Buddhism and Jainism – Part 2 Jainism – ancient history of india l jainism upsc

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JAINISM

The origin of Jainism is surrounded anonymity. The name of Rishabha and Arishtanemi are found in Rig-Veda and it is also found in Vishnupurana and Bhagvatpurana. These indicate that Jainism is as old as Vedic religion. Jainism is the outcome of the teachings of twenty four Tirthankaras.
Origin of Jainism:
• There were 24 Tirthankaras The first was Rishabhanath and the last was Vardhamana Mahavira
• Parshvanatha 23rd Tirthankara was a historical figure and flourished 250 yrs before Mahavira. He was a prince who abandoned the throne and led the life of an ascetic
• Teachings of Parsvanatha: Ahimsa which means Non-injury, Satya is for Non-lying, Asteya for Non-stealing, and Aparigraha: Non-possession.
• It is believed that the Jainism existed centuries ago and was revived by Mahavira.
Causes for the Rise of Jainism:
• Division of society in 4 Varna’s i.e segment ( Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras)
• Desires of Vaishyas to improve social status.
• Reaction of Kshatriyas to Brahmins supremacy in Hindu
• New agricultural economy
• The reaction of commoners

JAINISM

The origin of Jainism is surrounded anonymity. The name of Rishabha and Arishtanemi are found in Rig-Veda and it is also found in Vishnupurana and Bhagvatpurana. These indicate that Jainism is as old as Vedic religion. Jainism is the outcome of the teachings of twenty four Tirthankaras.
Origin of Jainism:
• There were 24 Tirthankaras The first was Rishabhanath and the last was Vardhamana Mahavira
• Parshvanatha 23rd Tirthankara was a historical figure and flourished 250 yrs before Mahavira. He was a prince who abandoned the throne and led the life of an ascetic
• Teachings of Parsvanatha: Ahimsa which means Non-injury, Satya is for Non-lying, Asteya for Non-stealing, and Aparigraha: Non-possession.
• It is believed that the Jainism existed centuries ago and was revived by Mahavira.
Causes for the Rise of Jainism:
• Division of society in 4 Varna’s i.e segment ( Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras)
• Desires of Vaishyas to improve social status.
• Reaction of Kshatriyas to Brahmins supremacy in Hindu
• New agricultural economy
• The reaction of commoners

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