List of Important awards and their fields in India :



Nobel prize

Peace, Literature, Economics, Physics, Chemistry, Medical science
Grammy Awards Music
Man Booker prize Authors of Novels
Tansen Award Music
Pulitzer Prize  Journalism and Literature
Lenin Peace Prize Peace and Friendship
Ashok Chakra Civilians
Dhanvantri Award Medical Sciences
Kalinga  Science
Lalit Kala Akademi Award Arts
Kalidas Samman Classical Music, Classical Dance and Arts
Magsaysay Public Service, Leadership, Journalism, Literature and creative arts and international understanding
Bowelay  Award Agriculture
Sangeet Natak Akademi Award- Music, dance and Drama
Merlin Magic
Dhanwantri Medical science
Shaurya Chakra Civilian or Military Personnel
Param Vir Chakra Military
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award Science and Technology
Sahitya Akademi Award Literary
Bhatnagar Science
Juliet Curie Award Peace
R.D. Birla Award Medical sciences
Right Livelihood Award Field of environment and social justics
Abel Maths
Bhartiya Jnanpeeth Award Literary
Vyas Samman Literature
Bharat ratna Art, Science, Public services, Sports
Sahitya Akademi Award Books in Indian Languages and Ebnglish

List of Film Awards and their Fields :



Oscar Awards Film
Santhosham Awards
BAFTA Awards Television, Films, Video Games and Animation
Nandi Awards
Sun Kudumbam Awards
Dada sahib phalke  Film
Vijay Awards
Asianet Film Awards
cinema Awards
SIIMA Awards
Screen Awards

List of Sports Awards and Their Fields :



Ekalavya Award Sports
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Players
Arjuna Award Sport
Dhyan Chand Sports
Dronacharya Award Sports coaches
Kolanka Cup- Ekalavya Award Sports
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ekalavya Award Sports

1.Bharat Ratna – It is the highest civilian award of the India. The award was given for outstanding achievements in the arts, literature,science and public services but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a
particular year.

2. Padma Awards – Padma Vibhushan , Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri awards are for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants.

3. Gallantry Awards – Param Vir Chakra (PVC),Ashok Chakra, Shaurya Chakra are given for appreciating the brave and gallant .

4. Nobel Prize – The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award available in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace, and economics.

5. Booker Prize – Literature
It is an annual award for the best original novel, written in the English language, and published in the UK literary award.

6. Vyas Samman – Literature
Vyas Samman is awarded annually by the K.K.Birla Foundation in recognition of the Hindi literary work published in past 10 years.

7. Moorti Devi Award – Literature
The Moortidevi Award is an annual literary award in India presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith organization for a work which emphasizes Indian
philosophy and culture.

8. Saraswati Samman – Literature
The award was instituted in 1991 by the K. K.Birla Foundation. It is an annual award given for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any 22 Indian languages.

9. Jnanpith award – Literature
The award was instituted in 1961 and it is It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the newspaper The Times of India. It is an
annual award given for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any 22 Indian languages.

10. Bihari Puraskar – Literature
Bihari Puraskar is a literary award instituted by K. K. Birla Foundation. The award is named after the famous Hindi poet Bihari and is awarded to an outstanding work published in Hindi or
Rajasthani by a Rajasthani writer.

11. The Oscar/Academy Awards – Films
This is an annual American awards ceremony honoring cinematic achievements in the film industry.

12. Dadasaheb Phalke Award – Cinema/Films
The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India’s highest award in cinema. It is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals, an organisation set
up by the Ministry of Information and

13. Arjuna Award – outstanding performance from the sports persons in sports and games.
The Government has modified the format of Arjuna Award very recently and as per the revised schematic guidelines a sports person must have very good consistent performances
for the previous 3 years at the international level to be considered as eligible for the Award.

14. Dronacharya Award – Eminent coaches of any particular sport
The award is named after the very famous archery coach, mentioned in the epic of India known as the Mahabharata. This very award is not related with the sports persons who are still playing in the field; instead this is related to those eminent coaches of any particular sport.

15. Dhyan Chand Award – The award that is given to the veteran sports persons of India for their lifetime achievement in their respective field
of sport is named as the Dhyan Chand Award for Life Time Achievement in Sports and Games .

16. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award – The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is the highest honour bestowed to a sports person for his/her achievements in India.

17. Stirling Prize – Architecture
The Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize is a British prize for excellence in architecture.

18. Aga Khan Award – Architecture
The Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) is an architectural prize established by Aga Khan IV in 1977. It aims to identify and reward
architectural concepts that successfully address the needs and aspirations of Islamic societies in
the fields of contemporary design, social housing, community development and improvement.

19. Pritzker Prize – Architecture
The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually “to honor a living architect.

20. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize – Science & Technology
The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology (SSB) is a science award in Indian given annually by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for notable and outstanding research, applied or fundamental, in biology, chemistry, environmental science, engineering, mathematics, medicine and Physics.

21. Kalinga Prize – Science
The Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is an award given by UNESCO for exceptional skill in presenting scientific ideas to lay people.

22. Grammy Award – Music
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to recognize outstanding achievement in the music industry.

23. Abel Prize – Mathematics
The Abel Prize is an international prize awarded annually by the Government of Norway to one or more outstanding mathematicians.

24. International Gandhi Peace Prize – This award is given to individuals and institutions for their contributions towards social, economic and
political revolution through non-violence and Gandhian philosophy . The award carries Rs.10 million in cash.

25. Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award –This is for Excellence in Public Administration,Academics and Management.

26. Green Star Awards – The Green Star Awards recognize those who have made extraordinary efforts to respond to environmental disasters around the world.

27. Magsaysay Award – Public Service,
Leadership, Journalism, Literature,creative arts and international understanding.

28. Pulitzer Prize – The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.

29. Sahitya Akademi Award – Books in Indian Languages and English.

30. Manthan Award – It is an initiative in India to recognize the best practices in e-Content and Creativity.

31. FiFi Awards – The FiFi Awards honor the fragrance industry’s creative achievements.

32. Sangeet-Natak Akademi Award – Music, dance and Drama.

33. BAFTA Awards – Television, Films, Video Games and Animation.

Base method of multiplication

Base method of multiplication

1 st of all question is, why it is called base method. In Vedic mathematics there is a saying in Sanskrit,

“Nikhilam Navatascaramam Dasatah”. It means “all form 9 and last form 10”

In this method we have to determine the base of the number first. Detailed steps of this method is given

  • 1 st of all find the base and the difference with the base.
  • Number of digits in the RHS is equal to number zeros in the base.
  • Multiply the differences on the RHS.
  • Put the cross answer in LHS.

Type 1: Multiply the two numbers with same base.

Example 1: 997×995

Answer: 1 st of all the base of the given two number is same which is 1000.

11What we see in the above multiplication is in the RHS we put 015 because (5×3=15). But since zero in
the base number is 3, so we have to put a “0” before 15 in the RHS such that total digit in the RHS is
equal to the zeros in the base number.

For LHS we have to subtract either (3 from 995) or (5 from 997). That‟s why we put 992(995-3 or 997-5) in the LHS.

So, 997×995=992015.

Example 2: Find 103×105.

Answer: Here Base is 100.

12In the above illustration we see that since the base is 100 so we have to put only two digit in the RHS of
the slash(/), so we put just 15(3×5). And in the LHS we put 108(103+5 or 105+3).

So 103×105=10815.

Type 2: Multiply a number below the base with a number above the base

Earlier we multiply two numbers either above the base or below the base. But in Type 2 we multiply one  number below the base with other above the base.

Example 1: Find 91×106

Answer: Here actual base for 91 is 100 and 106 is 1000. But we will take 100 as working base since 100 is closer to both 91 and 106.

13Here final answer = (97×Base)-54= (97×100)-54=9646.

Here also we put RHS and LHS as we put in Type 1. But since there is a minus sign before 9 we put (-54) in RHS. In the final answer we have to multiply the LHS with the base number then subtract RHS to get the final answer. So final answer is 9646.

Example 2: 855×1004

Answer: Here actual working base is 1000.

14Here we put -580(-145×4) in RHS. Put 859(855+4 or 1004-145) LHS. Final answer will be like below,

(859×Base)-580= (859×1000)-580=858420.

Example 3: 82×105

Answer: Working base is 100.

15Final answer = (87×Base)-90= (87×100)-90=8610.

Type 3: When number of digits in RHS exceeds number of zeros in the base

You can understand Type 3 with some example given below,

Example 1: Find 961×951

Answer: Here working base is 1000. Number zeros in the base are 3.

16Here we get 1911 by multiplying 39 by 49, but we need only 3 digits in the RHS since the base has only 3zeros. So what to do next?
Now we must add „1‟ in the extreme left of the number „1911‟of the RHS to the number „912‟of the LHS.And put only „911‟ in the RHS. Numerically final answer is,

913911, since (912+1=913).

Example 2: Find 1223×1227

Answer: Here working base is 1000. Number of zeros in the base is 3.

17Here we get 50621(223×227) in the RHS. But we need only 3 digits in the RHS since zeros in the base is3. So we add „50‟ in the extreme left of the number „50621‟ of the RHS to the number „1450‟ in the LHSto get the final answer.
1450+50=1500 in the LHS and 621 in the RHS.
So, final answer is 1500621.

Name of Bank and it’s taglines

Exambin presents the list of Public sector banks in India along with their taglines.In addition to this we have also mentioned the proposed merger of SBI’s associate banks and Bhartiy Mahila Bank with state bank of India.We also explained that how this merger will affect the condition of Indian banking. The list can be useful for students preparing for competitive exams.



Allahabad Bank

A Tradition of Trust

Andhra Bank

Where India banks

Bank Of Baroda

India’s International Bank

Bank Of India

Relationship Beyond Banking

Bank Of Maharashtra

One Family One Bank

Canara Bank

Together We Can

Central Bank Of India

Build A Better Life Around Us

Corporation Bank

Prosperity For All

Dena Bank

Trusted Family Bank

IDBI Bank  

Banking for all

Indian Bank

Your Tech-Friendly Bank

Indian Overseas Bank

Good People to Grow With


Where Every Individual is Committed

Punjab National Bank

The Name You Bank Upon

Syndicate Bank

Your Faithful And Friendly Financial Partner

UCO Bank

Honours Your Trust

Union Bank Of India

Good People to Bank With

United Bank Of India

The bank that begins with “U”

Vijaya Bank

A Friend You Can Bank Upon

Cube roots of perfect cubes


Basic Cube Values

1st of all we need to remember the cubes of number ranging from 1 to 10. Below the cubes of this number is given in table form:-























Last Digits of Cube Roots

Another table we need to remember for evaluating cube roots is given below:-

Last digit of the cube

Last digit of the cube roots





















Now take some example:-


Example 1: Find [latex] \sqrt[3]{941192}[/latex]

Answer: – Detailed step is given below

  •   1st of all write the number as two pair of three digits each, 941 192.
  •   Since cube ends with 2 so last digit of the cube root is 8. (As given in the above table).
  •  Now the left pair of the number is 941. So it lies between 729([latex]\sqrt[3]9[/latex]) and 1000(  [latex] \sqrt[3]{10}[/latex]).
  • Now out of 9and 10 smaller number is 9, so we take 9 as the left part in the answer and put it left to the 8. So final answer is 98.

Example 2: Find   [latex]\sqrt[3]{1367631}[/latex]

Answer: Steps are given below,

  • Here we have to divide the number as 1367 631 (Remember, 2 nd part always consist of last three digit number).
  • Now last digit of cube is 1 so last digit of the cube root is 1. We get the extreme right part of the cube root.
  • Now the left part 1367 lies between 1331( [latex]\sqrt[3]{11}[/latex]) and 1728([latex]\sqrt[3]{12}[/latex]).
  • So smaller number between 11 and 12 is 11. So the left part of [latex]\sqrt[3]{11}[/latex]. The answer is 111.

Example 3: Find [latex]\sqrt[3]{79507}[/latex].

Answer: Steps are given below,

  •  Here we have to divide the number as 79 507
  • Now last digit of the cube is 7,so last digit of the cube root 3.We get the right part of the answer as 3.
  • Now the left part lies between 64([latex]\sqrt[3]{4}[/latex]) and 125([latex]\sqrt[3]{5}[/latex]).
  • So the smaller number between 4 and 5 is 4.
  • So the answer is 43.

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List of Public sector banks in India and their headquarters

Exambin presents the list of Public sector banks in India and their headquarters along with their taglines and year of establishment.In addition to this we have also mentioned the proposed merger of SBI’s associate banks and Bhartiy Mahila Bank with state bank of India.We also explained that how this merger will affect the condition of Indian banking. The list can be useful for students preparing for competitive exams.


Banks Head Quarters Tagline Establishment
Allahabad Bank Kolkata A Tradition of Trust April 24, 1865
Andhra Bank Hyderabad Where India banks Nov 20, 1923
Bank Of Baroda Vadodara (Baroda) India’s International Bank July 20, 1908
Bank Of India Mumbai Relationship Beyond Banking Sep 7, 1906
Bank Of Maharashtra Pune One Family One Bank 1935
Canara Bank Bengaluru Together We Can 1969 (Canara Bank Ltd. in 1910)
Central Bank Of India Mumbai Build A Better Life Around Us Dec 21, 1911
Corporation Bank Mangalore Prosperity For All Mar 12, 1906
Dena Bank Mumbai Trusted Family Bank 1938
IDBI Bank Mumbai Banking for all / Aao Sochein Bada July 1964
Indian Bank Chennai Your Tech-Friendly Bank Aug 15, 1907
Indian Overseas Bank Chennai Good People to Grow With Feb 10, 1937
OBC New Delhi Where Every Individual is Committed Feb 19, 1943
Punjab National Bank New Delhi The Name You Bank Upon May 19, 1894 (founder – Lala Lajpat Rai)
Syndicate Bank Manipal Your Faithful And Friendly Financial Partner 1925
UCO Bank Kolkata Honours Your Trust Jan 6, 1943
Union Bank Of India Mumbai Good People to Bank With Nov 11, 1919
United Bank Of India Kolkata The bank that begins with “U” Nov 11, 1919
Vijaya Bank Bengaluru A Friend You Can Bank Upon 1931
State Bank of India Mumbai Pure Banking Nothing Else,With You-All The Way July 1, 1955 (earlier Imperial Bank of India)
State Bank Of Mysore Bengaluru Working For A Better Tomorrow 1913
State Bank Of  Hyderabad Hyderabad You Can Always Bank on us August  8, 1941
State Bank Of  Patiala Patiala Blending Modernity With Tradition 1948
State Bank Of Travancore Thiruvananthapuram A Long Tradition Of Trust September 12, 1945
State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur (SBBJ Jaipur The Bank with a vision. 1963




Structure of Banking Sector in India

SBI management decided to merge its 5 other associated banks and the Union cabinet on 15 June 2016 approved this merger. The proposed merger will likely create one of the largest lenders in Asia. List of associate banks is given below:

The merged entity will create a banking behemoth, which can compete with the largest in the world, with an asset base of Rs 37 lakh crore or over USD 432 billion. SBI alone has close to 16,500 branches, including 191 foreign offices, spread across 36 countries.

The current status of the SBI associated banks is:

After the merger of the associated banks of the SBI, the status of State Bank of India at the world level will be as:



Shortcuts for Ratio and Proportion – 1

Shortcut 1: Direct proportion



Ratio between salary of Vijay and Badri is 2:3. If salary of Vijay is Rs. 1000, what is the salary of Badri?


Assume a1 : a2 = 2 : 3

b1 = Vijay’ salary = 1000

b2 = Badri’s salary


2 : 3 = 1000 : b2

2/3 = 1000/b2   b2 = 1500


Shortcut 2: Inverse Proportion



A can complete a work in 30 days and B can complete the same work in 35 days. In what ratio they should get the salary, if they are working together?


Salary in case of combined work is inversely proportional to time taken by an individual.

Assume a1 : a2 = 30 : 35


b1 : b2 = 35 : 30

Salary ratio if they work together is = 7 : 6


Shortcut 3: Third proportion

$\begin{array}{l}\frac ab=\frac bc\\b=\sqrt{ac}\end{array}$


Three numbers are in proportion to each other. If the first two numbers are 2 and 8, find the third number.


Assume a = 2; b = 8

a/b = b/c

2/8 = 8/c

c = 32


Three numbers are in proportion. If the first number is 2 and the last number is 8, find the second number.


b =√ac

b =√(2 x 8) = 4


Shortcut 4: Fourth proportion

$$\frac ab=\frac cd$$


Four numbers are in proportion to each other. If the first three numbers are 30, 35, 36, find the fourth number.


Assume, a = 30; b = 35; c = 36

30/35 = 36/d

d = 42


Shortcut 5: Find A : C

$$\frac AB\times\frac BC=\frac AC$$


The ratio between salary of A and B is 4 : 5. The ratio between salary of B and C is 3 : 4. Find the ratio between salary of A and C.


A/B = 4/5

B/C = 3/4

A/C = (4/5) x (3/4)

A/C = 3/5

Ratio between salary of A and B = 3 : 5


Shortcut 6:  Find A : D

$$\frac AB\times\frac BC\times\frac CD=\frac AD$$


Ratio between salary of A and B is 3 : 5, B and C is 4 : 5, C and D is 6 : 7. If the salary of A is 7200, find the salary of D.


A/B = 3/5

B/C = 4/5

C/D = 6/7

A/D = (3/5) x (4/5) x (6/7)

A/D = 72/175

7200/D = 72/175

D = 17500

Salary of D is 17,500


Shortcut 7: Common factor

Substitution of x


Two numbers are in the ratio 4 : 5. Sum of their squares is 1025. Find the numbers.


Substitute the common factor x to the ratio 4 : 5

Assume the actual numbers as 4x and 5x


(4x)² + (5x)² = 1025

16x² + 25x² = 1025

41x² = 1025

x² = 25

x = 5

Substitute x = 5 in 4x and 5x to find the numbers

The numbers are,

20, 25


APJ Abdul Kalam – Quiz

Today is the first anniversary of Our Former President, Dr. Abdul Kalam, who is also a world renowned scientist. He is immensely modest, soft-spoken, very well mannered, unassuming and is true example of ‘simple living and high thinking’. He is the a eleventh President of India and his rise to his present, coveted post proves the successful functioning of our great democracy. He assumed this august office on July 25, 2002.

On the event of this we would like to recall his life in brief at the end of this article there is a quiz take that quiz also.

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Share Quiz results with your friends and get a chance to WIN his AUTOBIOGRAPHY Book – WINGS OF FIRE for FREE* 

Prior to his becoming the President, Dr Kalam had held different posts in DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organisation) and in ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation). With ISRO, he was the Chief instructor of SLV3 project, which saw the successful launching of India’s various missiles.

They include Agni, Akash, Prithvi, Naag, Trishul etc. Owing to the success of this project, Dr. Kalam became famous as the ‘Missile Man, all over the country’. Our first nuclear test at Pokhran in Rajasthan was successfully carried out under his supervision.


His great contribution was acknowledged, when the government awarded him the highest commendation of the country, ‘The Bharat Ratna’.

As he was born in a middle class family at Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu on October 15, 1931, Dr. Kalam’s miraculous success is a rag to riches story, indeed! Ever since his school days, he had been extremely hardworking, careful, regular and devoted to his goal.

Rather than accepting financial help from anyone for his studies, he met his expenses by selling newspapers. By doing this, he supported not only himself but his family as well.

Dr. Kalam is a man of vision and has lofty dreams for Mother India. Soon after taking oath of office as President, he addressed his countrymen, announcing his resolve to make India a developed country as soon as possible. His other priority is the national security.

Our President is secular to the core and hence his great Popularity with all sections of society. He even reads the Quoran as well as the Gita everyday and greets his visitors with Ram Ram’ and ‘Salam’. Apart from reading, he has great interest in Indian classical music and is also a good writer. His two books ‘India 2020’ and ‘Wings of Fire’ depict his personality as a thinker as well as a great visionary.


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