English Daily Vocabulary from THE HINDU – Episode 243 – November 24th, 2017

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1. Literary

Class : Adjective
Meaning : concerning the writing, study, or content of literature, especially of the kind valued for quality of form..

Synonyms: bookish, scholarly
Antonyms : unbookish, illiterate

Example Sentences

  • He felt that the genius of literary artists was documented in their openness to the unusual.
  • The effectiveness of a cabaret song depends only partly on the literary quality of its text.

2. Perfunctory

Class : Adjective
Meaning : (of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection.

Synonyms: negligent, careless
Antonyms : overprotective, attentive

Example Sentences

  • Anyone with even the most perfunctory interest in classical music will have their own favourite Mozart piece.
  • However, this poor, perfunctory effort will do the band more harm than good.

3. Parity

Class : Noun
Meaning : the state or condition of being equal, especially regarding status or pay.

Synonyms: equality, similarity
Antonyms : discrepancy, disproportion

Example Sentences

  • Parity of incomes between rural workers and those in industrial occupations
  • Age and parity are important factors in the development of urinary incontinence.

4. Streamline

Class : Noun
Meaning : a line along which the flow of a moving fluid is least turbulent.

Synonyms: simplify, modernize
Antonyms : complexify, perplex

Example Sentences

  • After each kick they hold their hands out in front in the streamline position for either one or two seconds.
  • Notice that each streamline changes in color as its temperature changes.

5. Apology

Class : Noun
Meaning : a regretful acknowledgment of an offense or failure.

Synonyms: regret, confession
Antonyms : accusation, complaint

Example Sentences

  • He issued a public apology the next day, but his deed could not be undone.
  • The network issues a formal apology to everyone in the world.


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